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中国科学家历时16年找到蝗灾真凶 绿色防控成为可能

中国科学家历时16年找到蝗灾真凶 绿色防控成为可能

2020年08月18日 06:22 来源:中国青年报参与互动参与互动

  零距离

  中国科学家对世界的又一个重大科学贡献

  蝗灾追凶16年

  人们很难想象,即便是到了21世纪的今天,“蝗灾”这个看似久远、曾肆虐人类上千年的灾害,也并未随着人类社会的进步、科技高度发达而消失。

  JINNIANYILAI,QUANQIUDUODIZAOYUHUANGZAI,ZAICIQIAOXIANGRENLEIJINGZHONG:“DONGFEIZHENGZAOYU70NIANYILAIZUIYANZHONGDEHUANGZAI”“NANYAGUOJIAYINDUZAIZAOHUANGZAIXIJI,BUFENCHENGSHIJINRUJINGJIEZHUANGTAI”“HUANGZAISINVEBIJINWOGUOYUNNAN,DUODIXIANGJIFASHENGHUANGJIZHUHUANGZAIHAI”……GUANHURENLEILISHENZHIBENDELIANGSHIANQUANWENTI,ZHIJIESHOUDAOWEIXIE。

  HUANGCHONG,ZHEIZHONGZHIYOUSHOUZHIDAXIAODEXIAOCHONGZI,KANQILAIRENCHUWUHAI,WEIHEYIDANJUJICHENGQUNBIANHUICHENGZAI?RENMENBUJIE,YIDURENWEIHUANGCHONGLAIXIJIUSHI“TIANZAI”。HUANGCHONGCHENGZAIDEYUANYINZHAOBUDAO,RENLEIDEFANWANJIUNANSHUODUANDETASHI。

  ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYUANSHI、ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDONGWUYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANKANGLEDAILINGTUANDUILISHI16NIANZHUIZONGYANJIU,ZHONGYUZHAODAOHUANGCHONGJUQUNCHENGZAIDEAOMI。8YUE12RI,ZHEIYIZHONGDAKEXUEFAXIANZAIGUOJIDINGJIANXUESHUQIKAN《ZIRAN》FABIAO。

  1平方公里蝗群1天吃掉3.5万人的口粮

  HUANGCHONGPUTIANGAIDIBANXILAISHI,BIANHUIDAILAIZHETIANBIRIDEJINGXIANG,SUOGUOZHICHUCUNCAOBULIU。YEYINCI,HUANGZAIBEIRENWEISHIYUHANZAI、HONGZAIQIMINGDEWOGUOSANDAZIRANZAIHAI,CENGZAOCHENGYANZHONGDENONGYEHEJINGJISUNSHI。

  ZHEIQIZHONG,SHAMOHUANG、FEIHUANGLIANGZHONGHUANGCHONGZAIHAI,YOUBEIRENWEISHIRENLEIZHUYAODESHENGWUZAIHAIZHIYI。

  KANGLEGAOSUZHONGQINGBAO·ZHONGQINGWANGJIZHE,FEIHUANGSHISHIJIESHANGFENBUZUIGUANGFANDEHUANGCHONG,SHIFEIZHOU、YAZHOU、ZHONGDONGHEAODALIYADEZHUYAONONGYEHAICHONG。WOGUO2000DUONIANDELISHIJIZAIXIANSHI,DAGUIMODEHUANGZAIFASHENGGUO800DUOCI。YUFEIHUANGBUTONG,SHAMOHUANGSUIRANJINJINFENBUZAIFEIZHOU、ZHONGDONG、NANOUHENANYADIQU,DANWEIHAIDEJIZAIKEYIZHUISUDAO5000DUONIANYIQIAN。

  ZHIDAOJINTIAN,ZHEIZHONGWEIHAIHAIZAIJIXU。ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDONGWUYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANGEFENGSHUO,DAGAIPINGJUNMEI5NIANQUANQIUJIUHUIFASHENGYICIHUANGZAI。

  JIUZAI2019NIANDAO2020NIAN6YUE,SHAMOHUANGDEBAOFACONGFEIZHOUZHIJIAODAOYILANGNANBUHEYINBABIANJING,MANYANDAO20DUOGEGUOJIAHEDIQU。GENJULIANHEGUOLIANGNONGZUZHIDEPANDUAN,SHAMOHUANGHUANGZAIBOJIQUYUDA26WANDUOGONGQING,GUIMOWEI25NIANYIYU,1PINGFANGGONGLIDEHUANGQUN1TIANNENGCHIDIAO3.5WANRENDEKOULIANG,YANTU1190WANRENDELIANGSHIGONGYINGSHOUDAOZHIJIEWEIXIE。

河北快三  GEFENGSHUO,JINNIANLAI,ELUOSI、BEIMEIHENANMEIYEZAOYUDAODANGDIHUANGCHONGDEXIRAO。ZAISHIJIEFANWEINEI,HUANGZAIRENGRANDUINONGYE、JINGJIHEHUANJINGGOUCHENGZHONGDAWEIXIE。

  百年未解科学难题

河北快三  JINGUANHUANGZAIYURENLEIFAZHANLISHIZHANGQIXIANGBAN,RANERRENMENDUIHUANGZAICHENGYINDEKEXUERENSHIBUZUBAINIAN。

  1921NIAN,BEICHENGZUO“HUANGCHONGXUEZHIFU”DEGUOJIZHUMINGKUNCHONGXUEJIAYOUWALUOFUFAXIAN,FEIHUANGZHISUOYINENGCHENGZAISHIYINWEIHUANGCHONGKEYICONGDIMIDUDESANJUXING,ZHUANBIANWEIGAOMIDUDEQUNJUXING,TAYINZAIHUANGCHONGYANJIUFANGMIANDEJIECHUGONGXIAN,BEIYINGGUOHUANGJIASHOUYUJUESHITOUXIAN。

  SHUOBAILE,SANJUXINGDEHUANGCHONG,YINMIDUJIAODI,BUFASHENGQIANFEI,KEYIRENWEISHIWUHAIDE,ERQUNJUXINGHUANGCHONGYIDANXINGCHENG,HENKENENGDAOZHIHUANGZAIFASHENG。

河北快三  NEIME,SANJUDEHUANGCHONG,SHIRUHEXINGCHENGHUANGQUNDE,ZHEIQIZHONGFAHUIGUANJIANZUOYONGDEYOUSHISHENME?

  JIN80NIANLI,KEXUEJIADUICITICHUXUDUOJIASHUO,BIRUSHIWU、FANZHIDI、XINGCHENGSHU、QUNJIXINXISU、QIHOUDENGJIASHUO。DANSHI,JIUJINGSHINAYIGEYINSUQIZHUYAOZUOYONG,QIZHONGDEAOMIHEJILIYOUSHISHENME?BINGMEIYOURENNENGZHENZHENGSHUOQINGCHU。

  ZHIDAOSHANGSHIJI70NIANDAI,KEXUEJIACAIZHUJIANYISHIDAO,QUNJUXINXISUKENENGSHIHUANGCHONGJUJIDEZUIGUANJIANYINSU。

  CIHOU,JINGGUO50DUONIANJIDAIKEXUEJIADEBUDUANNULI,YOUJIZHONGHUAHEWUBEIRENWEIKENENGSHIHUANGCHONGDEQUNJUXINXISU,ZHEIXIEXINXISUBEIMINGMINGWEIHUANGCHUN、HUANGFENDENG。

  “RANER,ZHEIXIEHUAHEWUZHONG,MEIYOUYIGENENGGOUFUHEQUNJUXINXISUDESUOYOUBIAOZHUN,TEBIESHIMEIYOUYEWAIZHONGQUNYANZHENGDEZHENGJU。”KANGLESHUO,BIRUYOUDEZAISHIYANSHIYOUXIAO,DANZAIYEWAIJINXINGZHONGQUNYANZHENGSHIMEIXIAO,YOUDEDUICIXINGHUANGCHONGYOUXIAO,DANDUIXIONGXINGHUANGCHONGWUXIAO。

  ZHISHIHUANGCHONGQUNJUCHENGZAIDEZHENXIONGJIUJINGSHISHEI?ZHONGGUOKEXUEJIATASHANGLE“ZHUIXIONG”ZHILU。

  历时16年找到真凶

  2004NIAN,KANGLEDAILINGKEYANTUANDUIKAISHILEHUANGCHONGXINGBIANJIYINBIAODADIAOKONGHEBIAOGUANYICHUANDIAOKONGDEFENZIJILIYANJIU。16NIANGUOQU,TAMENZHONGYUZHAODAOYIZHONGYOUHUOHUANGCHONGPOHUAIXINGJIQUNDEGUANJIANHUAXUEWUZHI——4-YIXIJIBENJIAMI(YIXIAJIANCHENG4VA)。

  “ZHEISHIYIZHONGSHIFANGLIANGDIDANSHENGWUHUOXINGFEICHANGGAODEHUAHEWU。”KANGLEGAOSUJIZHE,KEYANTUANDUITONGGUOFENXIQUNJUXINGFEIHUANGHESANJUXINGFEIHUANGDETIBIAOHEFENBIANHUIFAWU,ZAI35ZHONGHUAHEWUZHONGZHAODAOLETA。

  YOUYISIDESHI,ZHEIZHONGHUAXUEWUZHI,WULUNSHIDUIQUNJUXINGFEIHUANGHAISHISANJUXINGFEIHUANG,WULUNCIXINGFEIHUANGHAISHIXIONGXINGFEIHUANG,WULUNFEIHUANGYOUCHONGHAISHIFEIHUANGCHENGCHONG,DOUJUYOUHENQIANGDEXIYINLI,ERQIENENGGOUXIANGYINGHUANGCHONGZHONGQUNMIDUDEBIANHUA,SUIZHEZHONGQUNMIDUZENGJIAERZENGJIA。

  KANGLETUANDUIHAIFAXIAN,JINXU4-5ZHISANJUFEIHUANGJUJI,ZHEIZHONGQUNJUXINXISUBIANKECHANSHENGHESHIFANG,JIERCUJINXINGCHENGJUDADEHUANGCHONGQUN。

  “ZHEISHUOMINGTAJUYOUHENDIDEYOUFAYUZHI。”KANGLESHUO。HUANYANZHI,ZAIYEWAI,KENENGZHIXUYAOXIAOFANWEIDEHUANGCHONGJUJI,JIUNENGSHIFANG4VA,JIERXIYINGENGDUODEHUANGCHONGJIARUJINLAI,RANGHUANGCHONGDUIWUYUELAIYUEDA。

  DANGRAN,ZHEIZHISHISHIYANSHIDEJIEGUO。KEXUEJIAHAIYAOQUZIRANHUANJINGZHONGJINYIBUYANZHENG。

  KEYANRENYUANJIANGHANYOU4VADEYOUXINBUZHIZAITIANJIAN,TONGGUOSHIWAICAODISHUANGXUANHEYOUBUSHIYANZHENGMING,4VADUISHIYANSHIZHONGQUNZAIHUWAIJUYOUHENQIANGDEXIYINLI。

河北快三  JINER,TAMENJIANGYOUXINZHIJIEBUJUDAOHUANGCHONGYEWAIFASHENGQUTIANJINBEIDAGANG,DAFANWEIDEQUKUAISHIYANZAIYICIZHENGMING:4VABUJINNENGXIYINYEWAIZHONGQUN,HAINENGBUSHOUZIRANHUANJINGZHONGHUANGCHONGBEIJINGMIDUDEYINGXIANG。

  ZHICI,KANGLETUANDUIPANDUAN,ZHISHIHUANGCHONGCHENGQUNDE“ZHENXIONG”ZHIYIJIUSHI4VA。

河北快三  ZAIKANGLEKANLAI,GAIYANJIUDIYICICONGHUAXUEFENXI、XINGWEIYANZHENG、SHENJINGDIANSHENGLIJILU、XIUJUESHOUTIJIANDING、JIYINQIAOCHUHEYEWAIYANZHENGDENGDUOGECENGMIAN,DUIFEIHUANGQUNJUXINXISUJINXINGLEQUANMIANERCHONGFENDEJIANDINGHEYANZHENG,FAXIANHEQUELILE4VASHIFEIHUANGQUNJUXINXISU,ERGUOQUBAODAOYIZHIDEQITAHUAHEWUDOUBUJUBEIQUNJUXINXISUDESUOYOUTIAOJIAN。

  GAICHENGGUOWENZHANGZAISHENGAOZHIJI,3WEI《ZIRAN》ZAZHISHENGAORENDUIWENZHANGFENBIEJIYULEGAODUPINGJIA,QIZHONGLIANGWEINIMINGSHENGAORENRENWEI:“GAIYANJIUSHIYIXIANGLINGRENYINXIANGSHENKEDE、GAOJISHUDE、SHENRUDEYANJIU”“YANJIUJUJIAOYUYIGEJIJUXIYINLIDESHENGWUXUEWENTI,ZAIZHEIGELINGYUQUDELEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEJINZHAN”。

  YIWEITOUMINGSHENGAORENSHIGUOJIZHUMINGSHENJINGSHENGWUXUEJIA、MEIGUOKEXUEYUANYUANSHI、MEIGUOLUOKEFEILEDAXUEJIAOSHOULAISILI·WOSIHUOER,TAZAISHENGAOYIJIANZHONGMINGQUEBIAOSHI:“ZHEIXIANGGONGZUOZUOCHULELINGRENXINGFENDEFAXIAN,ZHAODAOLEYIGERENMENZHANGQIXUNZHAODEHUANGCHONGQUNJUXINXISUFENZI。WOJIYUWUTIAOJIANDEZHICHI,ZHEIXIANGJIECHUGONGZUOYINGBUSHOURENHETUOYANDIZAI《ZIRAN》ZAZHISHANGFABIAO。”

  蝗灾绿色防控成为可能

河北快三  ZHANGQIYILAI,RENMENDUIYUHUANGZAIDEFANGZHIZHUYAOYILAIHUAXUESHACHONGJIDAGUIMODEPENSHI。KANGLEZAIFABUHUIJIESHUHOUJIESHOUJIZHECAIFANGSHISHUO,CICIYANJIUBUJINJIESHILEHUANGCHONGQUNJUDEAOMI,GENGZHONGYAODESHISHIHUANGCHONGDELVSEHEKECHIXUFANGKONGCHENGWEIKENENG。

河北快三  “WOMENFAXIAN,4VALAIYUANYUHUANGCHONGCHIXIAQUDEZHIWU,RENGONGHECHENGFEICHANGRONGYI,YEHENBIANYI。”KANGLESHUO,LIYONGRENGONGHECHENGDEXINXISUKEYIZAITIANJIANZHANGQIJIANCEHUANGCHONGZHONGQUNDONGTAI,WEIYUCEYUBAOFUWU;KEYISHEJIYOUJIDAIYOUJIHUANGCHONG,BINGZAIYOUJIDAIJIZHONGSHIYONGHUAXUENONGYAOHUOSHENGWUZHIJIJIANGQIXIAOMIE,CONGERJIDADIJIANSHAOHUAXUENONGYAODESHIYONG;HAIKEYIGENJU4VADEJIEGOUSHEJIJIEKANGJI,ZUZHIHUANGCHONGDEJUJI。

河北快三  JUTAJIESHAO,KEYANRENYUANHAIZAIHUANGCHONGDESHANGBAIGEXIUJUESHOUTIZHONG,FAXIANLE4VADETEYIXINGSHOUTI,LIYONGJIYINBIANJIJISHUQIAOCHUZHEIZHONGSHOUTIHOU,4VADUIFEIHUANGDEXIYINLIHEFEIHUANGDUI4VADEXIANGYINGXINGWEIJIUSANGSHILE。

河北快三  “ZHEIGAOSUWOMEN,KEYIPEIYANGZHEIZHONGTUBIANTIFEIHUANG,BINGZHANGQISHIFANGDAOYEWAI,ZHEIYANGJIUKENENGZAIZHONGZAIQUJIANLIQI‘BUNENGQUNJU’DEHUANGCHONGZHONGQUN。RUCIYILAI,JIZAIYEWAIWEICHILEYIDINGSHULIANGDEHUANGCHONG,YOUDADAOKECHIXUKONGZHIDEMUDE,JIANGHUANJINGBAOHUYUHAICHONGKONGZHIYOUJIDIJIEHEQILAI。”KANGLESHUO,4VAHETASHOUTIDEFAXIANJIANGJIDADIGAIBIANFANGZHIHUANGCHONGDEDUICEHEJISHU。

河北快三  “ZHEISHIZHONGGUOKEXUEJIAWEIGUOJIKUNCHONGXUEHEHUANGCHONGFANGZHIZUOCHUDEJUDAGONGXIAN。”LIANHEGUOLIANGNONGZUZHIZHIWUSHENGCHANYUBAOHUSISIZHANGXIAJINGYUANZHUANMENWEIZHEIYICHENGGUOFALAIHEXIN。TASHUO,ZHEISHIZAIJINGLI50NIANDEMANZHANGTANSUOHOU,KEXUEJIADIYICIZHENZHENGQUERENLEFEIHUANGDEQUNJUXINXISU;4VADEFAXIANJIANGDADATIGAOHUANGZAIDEYUCEHEKONGZHISHUIPING,WEIRENMENKAIFAXINDEHUANGZAIKONGZHIFANGFATIGONGZHONGYAOXIANSUO。

河北快三  JIANDANSHULIKEYIKANDAO,RENLEIDUIHUANGCHONGJUQUNCHENGZAIDERENSHI,QIJINYIJINGLIJIGEZHONGYAOTUPO:DIYIGESHIYOUWALUOFUTICHUDEZHUMINGDEHUANGCHONGXINGBIANLILUN,GAILILUNTICHUHOU,QUANQIUXIANHOUFAXIANDAYUE10ZHONGZUIJUWEIXIANXINGDEHUANGCHONGDOUYOUXINGBIANXIANXIANG。DIERGEZHONGYAOTUPOSHIYINGGUOKEXUEJIAXINPUSENLINGDAODETUANDUI,ZAISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAIJIANLIDESHAMOHUANGQUNJUXINGYUSANJUXINGXINGWEIPANBIEMOSHIHESHENGLIXUETEZHENG。DISANGEZHONGYAOTUPO,JIUSHIKANGLEYUANSHITUANDUICONG2004NIANQI,KAIQIDEHUANGCHONGXINGBIANJIYINBIAODADIAOKONGYUBIAOGUANYICHUANDIAOKONGJIZHIDEFENZIJILIYANJIU,ZAICIJICHUSHANG,GAITUANDUIRUJINFAXIANFEIHUANGQUNJUXINXISU,JIESHICHUFEIHUANGQUNJUDEAOMI。

  ZHONGKEYUANYUANSHI、SHENZHENHUADAJIYINYANJIUYUANLISHIZHANGYANGHUANMINGZAIPINGJIAZHEIYICHENGGUOSHISHUO,ZHEISHIJICANYURENLEIJIYINZU、SHUIDAOJIYINZUJIHUAZHIHOU,ZHONGGUOKEXUEJIADUISHIJIEDEYOUYIGEZHONGDAKEXUEGONGXIAN。

  中青报·中青网记者 邱晨辉 来源:中国青年报

【编辑:李玉素】
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